1806 - Lt. Zebulon Montgomery Pike sighted a mountain peak that now bears his name. The massive, towering (elevation 14,110 feet) behemoth had been called “The Long One” by Ute Indians. Its name was changed to honor the young army lieutenant. Lt. Pike was leading a survey party into the newly acquired Louisiana Purchase when he spotted the snowcapped peak in the distance. “Pikes Peak or Bust!” was the familiar slogan of many a wagon train settler traveling west in the 1800s. Visitors to the Pikes Peak region (near Colorado Springs) continue to be captivated, inspired, and enthralled by Colorado’s most famous mountain.
1881 - The Federation of Organized Trades and Labor Unions of the United States and Canada was formed -- in Pittsburgh, PA. Five years later the organization became the American Federation of Labor (AFL).
1884 - Samuel Sidney McClure of New York City started the first literary syndicate -- the McClure Syndicate. It bought authors’ works and then sold the right to print them to various newspapers across the U.S.
1904 - One of Broadway’s most famous phrases was uttered for the first time. Ethel Barrymore, appearing in the play, "Sunday", spoke the famous line, “That’s all there is. There isn’t any more,” as the curtain fell.
1926 - Network radio was born. 24 stations carried the first broadcast from (bong-bing-bong) NBC, the National Broadcasting Company. The program was a gala 4½-hour broadcast from the Waldorf-Astoria Hotel in New York City. Two remote pickups were also on the program. Opera star Mary Garden sang from Chicago and Will Rogers presented a humorous monologue from Independence, Kansas. Charles Lindbergh was among the luminaries who attended the broadcast.
1938 - Television’s first on-the-scene program took place. A fire on Ward’s Island, New York was seen by the cameras of NBC’s W2XBT. The cameras caught the unexpected fire as it broke out.
1948 - William Lyon Mackenzie King retired as prime minister of Canada after 21 years, 4 1/2 months, the longest anyone has served as prime minister. He was succeeded by Louis St. Laurent.
1950 - The first black man in organized hockey suited up. Arthur Dorrington became a member of the Atlantic City Seagulls of the Eastern Amateur Hockey League.
1954 - "Studio One" on CBS-TV featured Joan Weber singing "Let Me Go, Lover". The song had enjoyed limited popularity before the TV show, but skyrocketed to fame immediately after.
1956 - "Love Me Tender", the first Elvis Presley film, premiered.
1965 - The fastest man on wheels, Craig Breedlove, set a world speed record at the Bonneville Salt Flats in Utah with a speed of 600.601 mph.
1969 - The first album featuring Karen and Richard Carpenter was released by A&M Records. "Offering" would not be a big seller, but a single from the disc, a remake of The Beatles’ "Ticket to Ride", would gain national attention. Their next album, however, would establish them as major international stars ("Close to You").
1974 - The group, Faces, released their tune with the longest title. "You Can Make Me Dance, Sing or Anything (Even Take the Dog for a Walk, Mend a Fuse, Fold Away the Ironing Board, Or Any Other Domestic Shortcomings)". Whew!
1980 - After years of success on the music charts with the New Christy Minstrels and the First Edition, Kenny Rogers got his first #1 song. "Lady", written by Lionel Richie, stayed at the top for six weeks.
1986 - The first major operetta written by Gian Carlo Menotti in over 20 years was presented at the Kennedy Center in Washington, DC. Starring tenor Placido Domingo, "Goya" was said by critics to be only “intermittently good.”
1992 - After 200 victories, seven championships and more than 1,000 career starts, Richard Petty ended his career as a driver. In his final race, at Atlanta Motor Speedway, he drove his red and blue SIP Pontiac to a 35th-place finish in the Hooters 500.
1994 - ‘Marvelous’ Martina Navratilova ended her 19-year tennis career with a disappointing 6-4, 6-2 loss to Gabriela Sabatini in the first round of the WTA Championships at Madison Square Garden in New York. Navratilova, a Tennis Hall-of-Famer, played 380 singles tournaments and 1,650 matches. She won 167 titles and 1,438 matches, with a won-lost mark of 1,438-212. She won $20,344,061.
1996 - These movies debuted in U.S. theatres: TriStar Pictures’ "The Mirror Has Two Faces", with Barbra Streisnad, Jeff Bridges Pierce Brosnan, George Segal, Mimi Rogers, Brenda Vaccaro, Elle Macpherson, Austin Pendleton and Lauren Bacall.; and Warner Bros.’ "Space Jam", starring Michael Jordan, Theresa Randle, Wayne Knight, Bill Murray, Billy West and Danny Devito.
1997 - Eddie Robinson coached his final home game at Grambling State University (losing 37-35 to North Carolina A&T). He was college football’s winningest coach with 408 wins. (Robinson ended his 56-year career two weeks later at the Bayou Classic against Southern University.)
Birthdays - November 15
1887 - Georgia O’Keeffe (artist: Cow’s Skull with Calico Roses, A Cross by the Sea, Canada, Black Iris, Farmhouse Window and Door, Lake George; died Mar 6, 1986)
1891 - W. Averell Harriman (U.S. diplomat, Governor of New York [1955-1959]; died July 26, 1986)
1891 - Erwin Rommel (‘The Desert Fox’: WWII German field marshal and commander; accused in unsuccessful plot to assassinate Hitler: forced to commit suicide Oct 14, 1944)
1919 - Carol Bruce (actress: WKRP in Cincinnati; died Oct 9, 2007)
1919 - Joseph A. Wapner (judge, actor: The People’s Court)
1928 - C.W. McCall (William Fries) (singer, songwriter: Convoy, Old Home, Filler-up, Keep on Truckin’ Cafe, Wolf Creek Pass, Classified, There Won’t be No Country Music, Roses for Mama)
1929 - Edward Asner (Emmy Award-winning actor: The Mary Tyler Moore Show [1970-71, 1971-72, 1974-75], Rich Man, Poor Man [2/1/76], Roots-Part One [1/23/77], Lou Grant [1977-78, 1979-80]; Thunder Alley, Hearts Afire, Change of Habit, The Doomsday Flight, Fort Apache The Bronx, JFK, They Call Me Mr. Tibbs!; president of Screen Actor’s Guild)
1932 - Petula Clark (Grammy Award-winning singer : Downtown, I Know a Place, This is My Song, My Love)
1932 - Clyde (Lensley) McPhatter (singer: Treasure of Love, Long Lonely Nights, A Lovers Question, Lover Please; groups: Dominoes: Do Something for Me, Sixty Minute Man, Have Mercy Baby; Drifters: Money Honey, Such a Night/Lucille, Honey Love; died June 13, 1972)
1934 - Joanna Barnes (actress: The Trials of O’Brien, 21 Beacon Street, Spartacus, Parent Trap, Goodbye Charlie)
1937 - Little Willie John (William Edward John) (singer: Sleep, Talk to Me Talk to Me, Fever; convicted of manslaughter, died Mar 26, 1968 in Washington State Prison)
1937 - Yaphet Kotto (actor: Two If by Sea, The Puppet Masters, Extreme Justice, Midnight Run, The Running Man, Eye of the Tiger, Fighting Back, Alien, Raid on Entebbe, Shark’s Treasure, Live and Let Die, The Thomas Crown Affair, Five Card Stud, Nothing But a Man, Blue Collar, Homicide: Life on the Street, For Love and Honor)
1940 - Sam Waterston (actor: The Killing Fields, Law & Order, Friendly Fire, I’ll Fly Away, The Great Gatsby, Serial Mom)
1942 - Daniel Barenboim (musician: piano, conductor: English Chamber Orchestra)
1945 - Anni-Frid Lyngstad (singer: group: Abba: Fernando, Dancing Queen, Take a Chance on Me, Waterloo)
1946 - Janet Lennon (singer: group: The Lennon Sisters: Tonight You Belong to Me)
1947 - Bob Dandridge (basketball: Milwaukee Bucks forward)
1950 - Otis Armstrong (football: Denver Broncos running back: AFC Leading Rusher: : Super Bowl XII)
1951 - Beverly D’Angelo (actress: Coal Miner’s Daughter, Paternity, Hair, Annie Hall, Every Which Way but Loose, National Lampoon’s Vacation series, Captains and the Kings)
1951 - Bo Matthews (football: Univ. of Colorado, San Diego Chargers, New York Giants, Miami Dolphins)
1953 - Alexander O’Neal (songwriter, singer: The Time, Hearsay, All True Love, Lovers Again)
1954 - Tony Thompson (musician: drums: group: Chic: Dance Dance Dance, Everybody Dance, Le Freak, I Want Your Love, Good Times; played with Led Zeppelin: Live Aid; drummer with Patti LaBelle)
1957 - Kevin Eubanks (musician: guitar: bandleader: The Tonight Show with Jay Leno; composer: film scores: Rebound: The Legend of Earl 'The Goat' Manigault, Psalms from the Underground, The Dinner, The Week that Girl Died)
1963 - Kevin J. O’Connor (actor: The Mummy, Peggy Sue Got Married, The Caine Mutiny Court-Martial, Birdland, Gideon's Crossing)
Chart Toppers - November 15
Rumors are Flying - Frank Sinatra
South America, Take It Away - Bing Crosby & The Andrews Sisters
You Keep Coming Back like a Song - Dinah Shore
Divorce Me C.O.D. - Merle Travis
I Need You Now - Eddie Fisher
Hold My Hand - Don Cornell
Mr. Sandman - The Chordettes
More and More - Webb Pierce
He’s a Rebel - The Crystals
Big Girls Don’t Cry - The 4 Seasons
All Alone Am I - Brenda Lee
I’ve Been Everywhere - Hank Snow
I’ll Be There - The Jackson 5
We’ve Only Just Begun - Carpenters
I Think I Love You - The Partridge Family
I Can’t Believe That You’ve Stopped Loving Me - Charley Pride
MacArthur Park - Donna Summer
Double Vision - Foreigner
How Much I Feel - Ambrosia
Sleeping Single in a Double Bed - Barbara Mandrell
Amanda - Boston
Human - Human League
True Blue - Madonna
Diggin’ Up Bones - Randy Travis
Written and edited by Carol Williams and John Williams
Contributing writer: Joe Benson
Produced by John Williams
Those Were the Days, the Today in History feature
from 440 International
No portion of these files may be reproduced without the express, written permission of 440 International Inc.